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I'm studying binary but it's driving me crazy mostly because of the 0s and 1s.
Is it normal?
Octal and hex were harder for me to remember binary came easy.
Binary is relatively easy compared to those..
you should learn morse code next
01101100 01100101 01100001 01110010 01101110 00100000 01110100 01101111 00100000 01100011 01101111 01100100 01100101
Hexadecimal is not binary
Technically, it is. Binary is merely a method of storing data in a series of pulses, created by turning the pulse on and off. Hexadecimal is a type of binary. Machine code is not the only "binary".
I think you are mixing up your terms.
Binary is not the only form of machine language not the reverse. Hex is not a form of binary but both are a type of machine language.
By definition binary is:
relating to, using, or expressed in a system of numerical notation that has 2 rather than 10 as a base.
Computers have converters to change hex code into binary. You would not need that if hex was a form of binary.
If LoydAsher had intended to write the above message in binary it would look like this:
1101100 1100101 1100001 1110010 1101110 100000 1110100 1101111 100000 1100011 1101111 1100100 1100101
There is no need for extra zeros to take up 8 places, and binary values can be much larger than 8 places.
Again, Machine Code is not the only type of binary. You seem to be under the belief that "Machine Code" and "Binary" are one in the same, when, in reality, Machine Code is merely a variety of binary.
Machine Code may be a form of binary. But binary is binary. The rules are very clear.
I was around when the first transistor based computers were developed (even before the simplest integrated circuits).
I can recall building a transistor bases circuit that would take two binary numbers and add or subtract them.
That's how I learned how computers worked (or at least the 1st electronic calculators - which were desktop machines).
My first programing job was running jumper wires on an IBM wire-board (where you ran wires to different logic sections on like a 12" wide and 18" long circuit board. Depending on the order of the logic sections, and the different logic sections used - your wire-board would make the computer do different things.
I've forgoten more operating systems than most people today even knew existed.
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